The Johari window is a psychological tool used to help individuals understand and improve their self-awareness and interpersonal communication. It was developed by psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the 1950s, and is named after the first syllables of their first names (Jo-seph and Ha-rry).
The Johari window is represented as a four-paneled grid, with each panel representing a different aspect of self-awareness:
- The first panel represents information that is known to both the individual and others.
- The second panel represents information that is known only to the individual (hidden from others).
- The third panel represents information that is known only to others (unknown to the individual).
- The fourth panel represents information that is unknown to both the individual and others.
By examining the information in each panel, individuals can gain insight into how they are perceived by others and how they can improve their self-awareness and communication with others.
The Johari window is often used in group settings, such as in team-building or leadership development exercises. It can also be useful for individuals seeking to improve their self-awareness and communication skills in personal or professional settings.
Improving self-awareness: By examining the information in each panel of the Johari window, a professional can gain a deeper understanding of their strengths, weaknesses, and areas for growth. This can help them to improve their self-awareness and become more self-aware in their personal and professional lives.
Building trust with others: By sharing information that is known only to the individual (panel 2) with others, a professional can build trust and improve communication with their colleagues. This can help to create a more open and supportive work environment.
Seeking feedback from others: By asking for feedback from colleagues or mentors, a professional can learn more about how they are perceived by others (panel 3) and use this information to improve their communication and relationships with others.
Improving team dynamics: The Johari window can be a useful tool for improving team dynamics by helping team members to understand and communicate with each other more effectively. By sharing information with each other and seeking feedback, team members can build trust and improve their ability to work together.
Identifying areas for growth: By examining the information in each panel of the Johari window, a professional can identify areas where they may be lacking self-awareness or where there may be gaps in their knowledge. This can help them to identify areas for growth and development and focus on building those skills.
- Luft & Ingham’s Windows: Know Yourself and Know Them by Pat Gohil, Joseph Luft, and Harry Ingham
- “The Johari Window Test: a Research Note” by Ronald P. Esposito
- “Understanding the Johari Window model” from Apricot Training Management Limited
- “The Johari Window (Luft & Ingham)” from Primary Goals